Science discoveries

Within the field of science, medicine is one of the most useful branches of historical importance. Medical Science is a very old science and it is always in an inevitable evolution, having new advances in medicine at every moment.

Let us find out the 5most important medical science discoveries in history:

1. Anesthesia:

Different forms of anesthesia were thought throughout history and in various regions of the ancient world, from Ancient Greece to Ancient Egypt, Asia, and the Americas, different civilizations applied plants with natural tropic alkaloids.

Already from the middle ages, certain preparations were made capable of numbing some senses and others, but it was not until the 19th century that the first forms of real anesthesia began to be used. Until then, everything was very different.

2. Genetics:

Genetics is the branch of medical science that studies the biological inheritance that is transmitted from generation to generation and allows us to understand what is happening in the cell cycles of organisms, encompassing everything related to DNA and RNA.

Mendel is known for his work in genetics when in 1865 he investigated how organisms inherit genetic traits of certain forms (genes). Since then, the development of genetics was vertiginous and even in constant evolution has allowed huge and unimaginable advances in medicine.

3. Vaccines:

Edward Jenner, a name that we do not hear with many reiterations is actually responsible for the most important discovery in medicine: vaccines.

Jenner saved the lives of an incalculable number of people with his discovery. Jenner was a great doctor who discovered the cure for smallpox, a disease that today is far away and easy to prevent thanks to this man.

Smallpox is a highly dangerous, deadly and contagious infection that by the 20th century had claimed 30 million deaths.

Developed in the year 1796, the vaccine against one of the most devastating diseases in the history of humanity allowed the prevention and treatment of many other evils and today is the most important invention in medicine.

4. Germs:

The discovery of germs occurred in the year 1676 when a great scientist Anton van Leeuwenhoek recognized by the invention of microscopes that allowed great advances in the knowledge of cells, noticed and described for the first time the bacteria and germs.

While there were several personalities of the sciences that had already produced certain concepts about germs, they never achieved the magnitude that the Anton reached.

This fact turned out to be of enormous utility and thanks to the discovery of germs, some of the most important discoveries and medical developments in history where possible. Clear examples are vaccines and penicillin.

5. Penicillin:

In addition to being one of the most important medical science discoveries in history, penicillin was also one of the most surprising accidental discoveries.

It was discovered by Alexander Fleming, who while he was studying the flu in 1928, left an open lab window and went away for almost a month. When he returned to the laboratory, he discovered that in the petri dish he had forgotten, a fungus species had ruined the culture of Staphylococcus bacteria that he kept there. Read more about penicillin.